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WHAT IS GENDER – HINDI GRAMMAR. Hindi Grammar Gender Rules

Hello friends welcome to our blog this is the main purpose. To bring as much information as possible to you in Hindi medium, today let’s start the gender under Hindi Grammar / Grammar which is called Gender in English.

what is gender

Meaning of Gender – The form of a noun by which its male or female caste is sensed, it is called gender or gender.

Below are some examples of gender –
  • Tanya is playing.
  • Tejaswini is singing a song.
  • Arun went to see the fair.
  • The girl is beautiful.
  • Teachers are calling us.
  • Nana is watching something on Zee TV.
In all the examples I have given above, in one way or the other, there is a sense of female or male caste, like Tanya, Tejaswini, girl is getting the sense of female caste. Similarly, Arun, the teacher and maternal grandfather give a sense of the male caste.

gender differences

On this basis two distinctions of gender are clear –
  1. masculine
  2. feminine
Let us understand them as follows –
1. Definition of masculine: The words which denote the male caste are called masculine. Or it can also be defined in this way. Words that convey the meaning of male caste are called masculine; For example – Bevda, madman, lion, horse etc.
2. Definition of Feminine : The words which give the sense of female caste are called feminine. Or define feminine in another way, then the words that convey the meaning of the feminine are called feminine; For example – Bevdi, Baoli, lioness, mare etc.

gender identity

Some noun words are such that they are always in masculine or feminine, it means to say which caste it belongs to, it means which gender it is, we get it by looking at it or by other means. So such words are divided into two types or distinctions, which are as follows.
  1. regular masculine
  2. continual feminine
1. Definition of Nitya masculine: Those words which are always used in masculine, regardless of caste, it is pronounced as masculine, they are called Nitya masculine ; Like- Crocodile, Owl, Mosquito, Tortoise, Rabbit, Parrot etc.
2. Definition of Nitya Feminine: Those words which are always used in feminine gender, they are called Nitya Feminine; For example – fish, butterfly, cuckoo, mynah, fly, squirrel, lizard etc.
So in this way these are Nitya masculine and Nitya feminine words, to change gender we have to add male or female words in front of them; For example- female rabbit, male lizard etc.

There are some words that are neither feminine nor masculine; Doctor, Engineer, Lawyer, Minister, President, Prime Minister etc.

So to find out the gender difference or gender of such words one has to understand the sentences; some examples
  1. Pratibha Patil was the President of our country.
  2. Atal Bihari was the Prime Minister of our country.

identification of masculine

You must have known by now, yet let us know how to identify masculine or say masculine words.
Below are the names of mountains, seas, countries, trees, grains, wars, gems, liquids, time, metals, etc., which are always masculine. Read them carefully and try to understand more so that we can know immediately as there is not much time in competitive exams. Let’s understand-
  1. Countries – India , Nepal , Sri Lanka , Bangladesh , Pakistan  etc.
  2. Metals – gold, brass, iron, copper (except silver) etc.
  3. Sea – Indian Ocean , Atlantic Ocean , Indian Ocean, South Mahasar etc.
  4. Cereals – Wheat, rice, gram, millet, barley, urad etc.
  5. Trees – Banyan, Peepal, Ashok, Mango, Sheesham, Neem etc.
  6. Liquid – water, ghee, oil, milk, syrup (except tea, coffee, lassi) etc.
  7. Mountains – Himalaya , Kailash mountain , Aravalli , Satpura, Vindhyachal etc.
  8. Day – Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday etc.
  9. Gemstones – Pearl, Emerald, Coral, Diamond, Topaz etc.
  10. Time – Hour, Day, Week, Minute, Month, Year etc.
  • Words that end with such suffixes are usually masculine; see as
  1. R – goldsmith, blacksmith etc.
  2. Apa – Old age, obesity, siapa etc.
  3. Pan – childhood, nobility, boyhood etc.
  4. Era – Cousin, Mamera, Fufera, Lootera etc.
  5. Na – decorate, sleep, write, read etc.
  6. Awaa – Dress, pretense, offering, feigning etc.
  7. Tattva – Poetry, affinity, masculinity, importance etc.
  8. Un-speech, ramification, arrival, departure, writing etc.
  9. Attachment, drift, stretch, choice, defense etc.
  10. Ak – hero, teacher, writer, singer, child etc.

 

feminine identity

Such noun words which are used for women are called feminine; For example, below here the names of the river, lake, language, dialect, script, some parts of the body, some food items are being given to you here. who are always feminine. Let’s try to understand by reading them –

  1. River – Yamuna, Kosi, Godavari, Ganga , Narmada etc.
  2. Script – Devanagari, Persian, Roman, Gurmukhi etc.
  3. Language – Hindi, Urdu, Tamil, Bengali, Sanskrit etc.
  4. Languages ​​- Awadhi, Ardhmagadhi , Shaurseni , Magadhi , Rajasthani etc.
  5. Lakes – Dal, Baikal, Chilka, Saurabh etc.
  6. Parts of the body – chest, waist, eyes, nose, eyelids, tongue, mouth etc.
  7. Food items – Poori, vegetables, roti, kheer, pulverized etc.
  8. Words of Sanskrit form – mercy, maya, forgiveness, grace, statue etc.
  9. Sanskrit emanating words – age, object, air, season, metal etc.
  10. Sanskrit ekrant words – power, fire, sandhi, caste, loss, speed etc.

Examples of gender change, masculine and feminine

Definition of change of gender – There are some words which are originally masculine but feminine words are formed by adding suffixes at the end of them; like-

By adding the suffix ‘aa’- 

1. student
2. Aparajita – Aparajita.
3. old age
4. Boy – Girl
5. Dear – Priya
6. Member – Member
7. Child
8. President – President
By adding the suffix ‘ain’- 
1. Babu – Babuine
2. Vest – Vest
3. Choudhary – Choudharine
4. Pandit – Panditaine
5. Thakur – Thakurine
6. Guru – Guruin
By adding the suffix ‘ani’ 
1. Pandit – Panditani
2. Servant – Maid
3. Indra – Indrani
4. Seth – Sethani
5. Devar – Devrani
6. Jetha – Jethani
By adding the suffix ‘mati / vati’
  1. Rupwan – Rupvati
  2. virtuous – virtuous
  3. Ayushman – Ayushman
  4. intelligent – intelligent
  5. Mr. Mrs
  6. son – daughter-in-law
adding the suffix ‘in’
  1. washerman
  2. blacksmith – luharin
  3. tailor – tailor
  4. neighbor – neighbor
  5. gardener
  6. serpent – serpent
  7. goldsmith – goldsmith
  8. Gwal – Gwalin
By adding the suffix ‘ika’-
  1. hero – heroine
  2. author – writer
  3. teacher – teacher
  4. teacher – teacher
  5. reader – reader
  6. servant – servant
  7. boy – girl
  8. singer – singer
By adding the suffix ‘ni’-
  1. Sardar – Sardarni
  2. lion – lioness
  3. swan – laugh
  4. camel – camel
  5. peacock – peacock
  6. lion – lioness
Come let’s know what we have learned so far in this chapter or post..
  1. ★ The form of noun in which its male or female caste is sensed, it is called gender.
  2. ★ There are two distinctions of gender- 1. masculine 2. feminine
  3. ★ Feminine words are formed by adding suffixes to the end of some masculine words.
  4. ★ The names of mountains, seas, countries, trees, grains, wars, gems, liquids, time, metals etc. are always masculine.
  5. ★ Lake, river, dialect, language, script, some food items and some parts of the body are always feminine.

Hindi grammar question

You can write the answer of the questions given here in the comment, after reading the blog, do not make any mistake or hurry in answering without reading, let’s know which are those questions.
  1. What is the difference between feminine and masculine?
  2. Name any two words whose gender we decide on the basis of sentence usage.
  3. Which parts of the body are usually feminine? Tell.

1. Answer the following questions:

  1. What is gender? Explain with example.
  2. How many gender differences are there?
2. Fill in the blanks with the words given in the box.
suffix masculine gender feminine
  1. The form of a noun in which the sense of its male or female caste is known is called
  2. The words that convey the meaning of male caste are called ————.
  3. Words like fish, butterfly, cuckoo, mynah, fly, squirrel etc. are always ————.
  4. Feminine words are made by adding ——- at the end of some masculine words.
3. State True False
  1. There are two gender differences.
  2. The words which convey the meaning of female caste are called feminine.
  3. The words which are neither masculine nor feminine, their gender is determined on the basis of their use in the sentence.
  4. The words which are always used in feminine, they are called Nitya masculine.
4. Give the gender of these words
  1. India –
  2. Persian –
  3. Teacher –
  4. Hindi –
  5. brother-in-law
  6. bread –
  7. Yamuna –
  8. Water –
5. Solve the question with the correct option –
1. What is the name of the form of a noun that gives the sense of its male or female caste?
  1. suffix
  2. gender
  3. prefix
2. What are the words denoting the male caste called?
  1. feminine
  2. masculine
  3. all of the above
3. What are the words that convey the meaning of female caste?
  1. masculine
  2. feminine
  3. none of the above
4. What are the words which are always used in masculine name?
  1. always feminine
  2. regular masculine
  3. feminine

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