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Freedom Fighters of India list in

Freedom Fighters of India list and history in hindi

We all know that our country got independence on 15th August 1947 and we all Indians are very proud of this freedom. Like every year, this year also we will hoist the flag on 15th August and come home after singing 2-4 patriotic songs. Our freedom is because of the freedom fighters of India who sacrificed their lives to liberate our country. We can not give anything in return to these great personalities, but at least we can remember them on this day of independence, we can know about them.

In the Indian freedom struggle, the names of such heroes are written with golden letters, who started the fight against the British on their own. There were also such brave warriors in our country, who sacrificed everything in their youth and jumped in the fight for the country’s independence. Today our India is free from the British, but corruption, unemployment, dishonesty have taken it hostage. We will have to bring a revolution for freedom from this, and the youth power of our country will have to be awakened once again. Today we will know by reading about our freedom fighters of India, how they had awakened public consciousness and revolution for the independence of the country.

Freedom Fighters of India list in Hindi
1. Rani Laxmi Bai –

In the north of India, there is a place named Jhansi, where the queen was Lakshmi Bai. He was born in a Maharashtrian family. Dalhousie was the governor of India at that time, he took out the rule that in any state which does not have a king, the British will have the right. At that time Rani Lakshmi Bai was a widow, she had 1 adopted son Damodar. He refused to kneel before the British and waged a war against them to save his Jhansi. In March 1858, she fought with the British for two consecutive weeks, which she lost. After this she went to Gwalior where once again she fought with the British. Rani Lakshmi Bai had a special contribution in the battle of 1857. His name is taken with great respect among the freedom fighters of India.
born 1828
marriage 1842
Place of Birth Kashi (Varanasi)
Husband’s Name Raja Gangadharrao of Jhansi
Died 18 June 1858
2. Lal Bahadur Shastri –

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of independent India. Shastri ji took part in the Quit India Movement, Satyagraha Movement and Non-Cooperation Movement for the independence of the country. He was the freedom fighter of the country of India. At the time of independence, he also spent 9 years in jail. After independence, he became the Home Minister and then in 1964 the second Prime Minister. He took the front in the 1965 India-Pakistan war. He gave the slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”. In 1966, when he was on a foreign tour, he suddenly died of a heart attack.
Born 2 October 1904
Place of Birth Uttar Pradesh
died 1966
3. Jawaharlal Nehru –

Today Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is known as a child. He was the freedom fighter of India. His father Motilal Nehru was a barrister and politician. In 1912, after completing his studies abroad, Nehru started working as a barrister in India. After coming in contact with Mahatma Gandhi, he jumped into the freedom struggle, and became the President of the Indian Congress. After independence, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of the country. Together with Mahatma Gandhi, he stood against the British in the freedom struggle. He had a special love for children, so even today we celebrate his birthday as Children’s Day. He died in Delhi.
Born 14 November 1889
Place of Birth Allahabad
Died 27 May 1964
4. Bal Gangadhar Tilak –

“Swaraj is our birthright and we will have it.” For the first time this slogan was spoken by Bal Gangadhar Tilak ji. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was called the “Father of Indian Unrest”. He founded the Deacon Education Society, where Indian culture was taught, as well as he was associated with indigenous work. Bal Gangadhar Tilak used to roam all over India and inspire people to support them in the freedom struggle. About 20 thousand people had joined Mahatma Gandhi in his last journey.
Born 23 July 1856
Place of Birth Ratnagiri in Maharashtra
Died 1 August 1920
5. Lala Lajpat Rai –

Lala Lajpat Rai was popularly known as Punjab Kesari. Lala Lajpat Rai of the Indian National Congress was a very famous leader and freedom fighter of India. Lala Lajpat Rai was involved in the trio of Lal Bal Pal. These three were the main and famous leaders of the Congress. In 1914, he went to Britain to tell the situation of India, but due to World War, he could not return from there. When he came to India in 1920, the Jallianwala massacre took place, against which he started a movement against the British. During a movement, he was badly injured by the lathi charge of the British, after which he died.
Born 28 January 1865
Place of Birth Punjab
Died 17 November 1928

6. Chandrashekhar Azad –

Chandrashekhar Azad was as independent as the name, he had worked to add fuel to the fire of independence. His introduction was as follows, Chandrashekhar Azad used to inspire the youth to come forward in the fight for freedom, he had raised an army of young revolutionaries. His thinking was that violence is necessary for the fight for freedom, so he used to work differently from Mahatma Gandhi. The fear of Chandrashekhar Azad was very much in the British. They had planned to rob Kakori train and looted it. Somebody gave their news to the British, due to which the British went after them to capture them. Chandrashekhar Azad did not want to die at the hands of any British, so he shot himself and became martyr.
Naam Azad
Father’s Name Independence
address jail
Died 27 February 1931
7. Subhash Chandra Bose –

Subhash Chandra Bose is called Netaji, he was born on 23 January 1897 in Orissa. In 1919, he went abroad for studies, then he came to know about the Jallianwala massacre there, which surprised him and returned to India in 1921. After coming to India, he joined the Indian Congress and participated in the civil disobedience movement. He found the words of non-violent Gandhi ji wrong, after which he went to Germany to seek help from Hitler. Where he organized the Indian National Army (INA). During the Second World War, Japan, which was helping the INA, surrendered, after which Netaji escaped from there. But it is said that on August 17, 1945, his plane crashed, due to which he died. The facts related to his death remain a mystery even today.
Born 23 January 1897
Place of Birth Orissa
Died 17 August 1945
8. Mangal Pandey –

Mangal Pandey’s name comes first among the freedom fighters in the history of India. From the time of the war of 1857, he started the freedom struggle and asked everyone to support it. Mangal Pandey was a soldier in the East India Company. In 1847, news spread that the gun cartridges made by the East India Company used cow fat, to operate it, the cartridge had to be pulled from the mouth, due to which the fat of the cow was in the mouth, which is a Hindu Muslim. Was against both religions. He tried to convince his company a lot, but nothing happened. He died on 8 April 1857.
Born 19 July 1827
Place of Birth Uttar Pradesh
Died 8 April 1857
9. Bhagat Singh –

The child knows the name of Bhagat Singh. Young leader Bhagat was born on 27 September 1907 in Punjab. Both his father and uncle were involved in the freedom struggle, due to which he had attachment for the country since childhood and he wanted to do something for his country since childhood. In 1921, he gave his share in the non-cooperation movement, but due to his violent nature, Bhagat left this and formed the Naujawan Bharat Sabha. Which inspired the youth of Punjab to take part in independence. Together with Chandrashekhar Azad, he did many works for independence. In 1929, he threw a bomb in Parliament to get himself caught, after which he was hanged on 23 March 1931 along with Rajguru and Sukhdev.
Born 27 September 1907
Place of Birth Punjab
Died 23 March 1931
10. Bhimrao Ambedkar –

Born in a Dalit family, Bhimrao Ambedkar did a lot of work to end the caste system in India. Being a low caste, no one believed in his intelligence. But he again adopted the Buddha caste and asked other low caste people to do the same, Bhimrao Ambedkar ji always explained to everyone that caste religion is not higher than humanity. We should treat everyone equally. Due to his intelligence, he became the chairman of the Constitution Committee of India. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar wrote the constitution of democratic India.
Born 14 April 1891
Place of Birth Mhow, Madhya Pradesh
Died 6 December 1956
11. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel –

Indian Congress leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a lawyer. Vallabhbhai ji took part in the Civil Disobedience Movement, Quit India Movement. Vallabhbhai ji took over independent India after the independence of the country. Independent India was divided into many states where Pakistan had also been separated. He explained to all the people of the country that all the monarchies would be abolished to protect the country and only one government would run the state in the whole country. At that time the country needed such a leader who would not let it splinter by keeping it tied in a string. Even after independence, there were many problems in the country, which Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel had solved very well.
Born 31 October 1875
Place of Birth Nadiad
Died 15 December 1950 Bombay
12. Mahatma Gandhi –

The Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Gujarat. Non-violent Mahatma Gandhi fought his freedom fight with full truth and honesty. He believed in non-violence and never even gave street to any Englishman. Because of this, the British respected him a lot. Mahatma Gandhi started Satyagraha Movement, Quit India Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, Simon Go Back, Civil Disobedience Movement and many more. He used to inspire everyone to become Swadeshi and refused to use British goods. Due to the efforts of Mahatma Gandhi, the British left the country on 15 August 1947. Nathu Ram Godse shot and killed him on 30 January 1948.
Born 2 October 1869
Place of Birth Gujarat
Died 30 January 1948

13. Sarojini Naidu –

Sarojini Naidu was a poet and social activist. She was the first woman who became the governor of India and the Indian National Congress. Sarojini Naidu was a member of the Committee for the Constitution of India. During the partition of Bengal, she came in contact with the main leaders of the country like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and then started helping in the freedom struggle. She roamed all over India and told people about freedom through her poetry and speech. The birthday of the country’s main woman Sarojini Naidu is now celebrated as Women’s Day.
Born 13 February 1879
Birth Place Hyderabad
Died 2 March 1949
14. Birsa Munde –

Birsa Munde was born in Ranchi in 1875. Birsa Munde did many things, even today people of Bihar and Jharkhand worship him like God and call him “Dharti Baba”. He was a social worker who always used to do something for the betterment of the society. During the famine in 1894, when Birsa Munde asked the British to waive the rent, when they did not agree, Birsa Munde started the movement. Birsa Munde breathed her last on 9 June 1900 at the age of just 25.
Born 15 November 1875
Place of Birth Ranchi
Death 9 June 1900 Ranchi Jail
15. Ashfaqullah Khan –

Ashfaqullah Khan, who sacrificed his life for the independence of India, was a fearless, courageous and prominent freedom fighter. He was a poet of Urdu language. Ashfaqullah Khan was the main face in the Kakori incident. He was born on 22 October 1900 in Uttar Pradesh. Ashfaqullah Khan of revolutionary ideology used to work completely opposite to the thinking of Mahatma Gandhi. His thinking was that it is useless to talk to the British in peace, he only hears the sound of bullets and explosions. Then together with Ram Prasad Bismil, he planned to rob the train in Kakori. He had a close friendship with Ram Prasad. On 9 August 1925, along with Ram Prasad, Ashfaqullah Khan and 8 other companions, he looted the treasures of the British in the train.
Born 22 October 1900
Place of Birth Uttar Pradesh
Died 19 December 1927 Faridabad Jail
16. Bahadur Shah Zafar –

The name of Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last ruler of the Mughal Empire, is also included in the list of freedom fighters. He played the main role in the war of 1857. Shah Zafar had khadi his huge army against the British army East India Company, and himself was the commander of his army. For this work, he was called a rebel, and he was exiled to Rangoon, Bangladesh.
Born 24 October 1775
Birth place Delhi
Died 7 November 1862 Myanmar

17. Dr. Rajendra Prasad –

We know Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the first President of the country, but he always stood with all the countrymen to liberate the country, Rajendra Prasad’s name was also written in golden letters in the fight for independence. He is called the architect of our country’s constitution. Rajendra Prasad, who considered Mahatma Gandhi as his ideal, joined the Congress and became a prominent leader from Bihar. He had played a major role in the Salt Satyagraha, Quit India Movement, for which he had to endure many jail tortures.
Born 3 December 1884
Birthplace Jiradei
Died 28 February 1963 Patna

18. Ram Prasad Bismil –

Ram Prasad Bismil was a freedom fighter, his name is most famous in the Mainpuri and Kakori scandals. He was strictly against the British rule, he was also a great poet, who used to reach his mind through poems. He used to write Hindi in Urdu language. He wrote a great memorable poem like ‘Sarfaroshis Ki Tammana’.
Born 11 June 1897
Place of Birth Shahjnapur
Death 19 December 1927 Gorakhpur Jail
19. Sukhdev Thapar –

Sukhdev was one of the freedom fighters of the country, he along with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru had blown a bomb in the assembly of Delhi, and got himself arrested. Before this, his name had also surfaced for shooting a British officer. Sukhdev was also a good friend of Bhagat Singh, he was hanged along with Bhagat Singh on 23 March 1931. It is still a source of inspiration for the youth.
Born 15 May 1907
Place of Birth Ludhiana
Died 23 March 1931 Lahore Jail
20. Shivram Rajguru –

Shivram Rajguru was an accomplice of Bhagat Singh, who is mainly known for killing a police officer of the British Raj. He was working in the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, who was ready to give his life for the independence of India. Rajguru was completely opposed to Gandhiji’s non-violent words, according to him, the British should be killed and out of their country.
Born 24 August 1908
Place of Birth Pune
Died 23 March 1931 Lahore Jail
21. Khudiram Bose –

He has been the youngest freedom fighter. He had jumped into it in the very early stages of the freedom struggle. Due to patriotism since childhood, he had made freedom his destination. He is respected as a martyr boy. While studying in school, Khudiram had asked his teacher for his revolver so that he could kill the British. At the age of 16, he detonated a bomb in the nearby police station and government office. After which he was arrested after 3 years for its atrocities, and was sentenced to death. At the time when he was hanged, his age was 18 years 8 months 8 days.
Born 3 December 1889
Place of Birth Habibpur
Died 11 August 1908 Calcutta

22. Durgavati Devi (Durga Bhabhi) –

This woman stood against the British Raj at a time when women in the country were not allowed to go out of the house. When Bhagat Singh runs away after killing a British officer, he goes to Durgavati for help. Durgavati travels in a train with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru, where Durgavati rescues them from the British police. Durgavati becomes the wife of Bhagat Singh, so that no one can doubt. Her husband’s name was Bhagwati Charan Bohra, who along with Bhagat Singh stood in the freedom struggle. Everyone in his party used to call her Durga Bhabhi. Durgavati was also a member of the Naujawan Bharat Sabha.
Born 7 October 1907
Place of Birth Bengal
Died 15 October 1999 Ghaziabad
23. Gopal Krishna Gokhale –

Talking about the names included in the list of freedom fighters of India, the name of Gopal Krishna Gokhale can never be forgotten among them. Gopal Krishna Gokhale was a teacher by profession, who later became the principal of the college. Gopal Krishna ji was known for his intelligence. He had made an important contribution in liberating India. That’s why they are called freedom fighters. Mahatma Gandhi also considered him as his political guru, he used to love and respect him a lot. Due to his duty and patriotism towards the country of India, he became very popular, and he died at a young age.
Born May 9, 1866
Birthplace Kolhapur, Mumbai
Died February 19, 1915
24. Madan Mohan Malviya –

Who does not know the name of Madan Mohan Malaviya ji, he was the first and last person in India who got the honorable title of Mahamana. By profession, Madanmohan Malviya was both a journalist and a lawyer. He loved his motherland very much. Madan Mohan Malaviya was elected President of the Indian National Congress 4 times. He founded the Banaras Hindu University Colonial located in Banaras. And it became a very important center of education in India. He also had a great contribution in the independence of India.
Born December 25, 1861
Birthplace Allahabad (Presently Prayagraj)
Died 12 November 1946
25. Shaheed Udham Singh –

You must have heard about the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in the year 1919, the eyewitness of that massacre was Veer Bahadur Shaheed Udham Singh ji. Those who saw with their own eyes the massacre in which thousands of people died. He saw with his own eyes the cruelty with which Dyer was responsible for this massacre, and then he resolved that ‘from today onwards the only resolution of his life is Dyer’s death’. After this he joined revolutionary parties and made his contribution following in the footsteps of revolutionary leaders like Bhagat Singh and then he died at a young age.
Born December 26, 1899
Birthplace Sunam Village, District Sangrur, Punjab
Death July 31, 1940
Some Other Freedom Fighters of India list
serial number freedom fighter
1. Nana Saheb
2. Tantia Tope
3. Vipin Chandra Pal
4. Chittaranjan Das
5. Raja Rammohan Das
6. Dadabhai Naoroji
7. Veer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
8. Kasturba Gandhi
9. Govind Vallabh Pant
10. Rabindranath Tagore
11. Abul Kalam Azad
12. Rasbihari Basu
13. Jai Prakash Narayan
14. Madan Lal Dhingra
15. Ganesh Shankar Vigharthi
16. Kartar Singh Sarabha
17. Batukeshwar Dutt
18. Surya Sen
19. Ganesh Ghosh
20. Bina Das
21. Kalpana Dutta
22. Annie Besant
23. Subodh Roy
24. Ashfaq Ali
25 Begum Hazrat Mahal

We can learn a lot from their lives and bring them into our lives. Even today, India needs such revolutionaries, who can free the country from corruption and poverty. Which freedom fighter’s life are you most influenced by?

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