भारत माता कविता में कवि ने किस तरह के जनजीवन की विशेषताओं को चित्रित किया है? विस्तार से समझाइए। What kind of characteristics of life has the poet portrayed in the Bharat Mata poem? Explain in detail.

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उत्तर- ‘भारत माता’ कविता में सुमित्रानन्दन पन्त ने भारतीयों की गुलामी की दशा को चित्रित किया है। जिसमें ये भारतीय की दीन-हीन, शोषित, दुःखी, असभ्य-अज्ञान औन उदासीन अवस्था का चित्रण करते हैं। भारत माता के तधुगीन जीवन की विशेषताएँ निम्न प्रकार है

(1) पराधीनता के कारण उसके ग्रामीण पुत्रों की उपेक्षा की जा रही है।

(2) भारतमाता के पुत्रों को भर पेट भोजन नहीं मिल रहा है। वे वस्त्रहीन हो समस्त ऋतुओं में कष्ट का जीवन बिता रहे हैं।

(3) उसे जान-बूझकर शिक्षा से वंचित रखा जा रहा है। उसकी शिक्षा की कोई अवस्था नहीं है।

(4) उसके धन-धान्य उगलने वाले खेतों को विदेशी अपने पैरों तले रौंद रहे हैं और उससे मिलने वाली आर्थिक सफलता को निगल रहे हैं।

(5) शासक वर्ग उसे उपेक्षित कर उसे पीड़ा पहुँचा रहा है और उसका अधिक से अधिक शोषण कर रहा है। इस तरह उसके पुत्रों के जीवन में आयी परेशानियों को कवि बता रहा है तथा उनके पशुतुल्य जीवन को चित्रित कर रहा है।


Answer- Sumitranandan Pant has depicted the condition of slavery of Indians in the poem ‘Bharat Mata’. In which they depict the oppressed, exploited, sad, rude-ignorant and indifferent state of the Indian. The characteristics of the young life of Mother India are as follows:

(1) His rural sons are being neglected because of subjugation.

(2) The sons of Mother India are not getting enough food. They are without clothes and are leading a life of suffering in all the seasons.

(3) He is being deliberately deprived of education. He has no state of education.

(4) Foreigners are trampling under their feet the fields spewing its wealth and food, and swallowing up the economic success it brings.

(5) The ruling class is troubling him by neglecting him and exploiting him more and more. In this way, the poet is telling the troubles in the life of his sons and is portraying their animal-like life.

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